Few environmentalists doubt that climate change is already having an impact on our lives, and it certainly has major implications for how we plan for the future. Perhaps the most significant impacts are those arising from extreme weather events as they can have immediate and serious implications for life and property, but climate change also poses more subtle challenges to areas such as biodiversity and nature conservation.
Wildlife in a Changing Climate
Surprisingly small changes in climate can pose extreme challenges for wildlife. A mountain plant may respond to a sustained temperature rise by growing higher up the mountain, but even just a 0.65 degree rise could mean suitable conditions become 100 metres higher up. What if the plant cannot colonise new areas fast enough - or it literally runs out of mountain? Similar changes face many species and habitats, and this is why landscape scale conservation that provides links and stepping stones to better connect natural habitats is at the core of strategies for 'climate proofing' wildlife.
NW Environmental can help you identify strategic wildlife corridors and stepping stones within your area and beyond. We can work with you to develop effective strategies and policies that will bring the greatest benefits for wildlife while also maximising the benefits of natural greenspaces for local communities.
Downpours over Birmingham and the Black Country can be major floods downstream for days. The washlands of the River Trent play a vital role in protecting areas such as Burton on Trent from flooding. As natural floodplains have been eroded we need to look to innovative solutions to increase the delay between rain falling and it reaching the rivers.
Sustainable Urban Drainage Schemes (SUDS), rain gardens and increasing tree and grassland cover are all ways to increase the capacity of the landscape to absorb rainfall. We have experience of working with hydrologists and water engineers, and can advise on these approaches and also on ways in which innovative schemes can reduce the impact of flooding and make places more resilient.
In July 2006 a heatwave caused major health problems in the UK's cities, where the high temperatures were greatly exacerbated by the heat island effect. We can advise on ways to use green and blue infrastructure to help ameliorate heat island effects.
We have also developed a methodology for modelling the extent of urban heat islands, which can help in understanding where interventions such as the creation of new green spaces can be most effective.
From the replanting of spoil heaps by the Earl of Dudley to the work of the Midlands Reafforestation Society, the West Midlands was not only at the heart of the Industrial Revolution, but was also one of the first places to use green infrastructure to remediate and restore the 'waste land' where industry moved on.
Today, our approaches to remediation and restoration of brownfield land have moved on and become more sophisticated. NW Environmental can advise on the many different approaches that can be used such as:
Wildflower meadow creation
Grassland management, including grazing
Management and enhancement of naturally recolonised grassland
New woodland planting
Advanced ground preparation
Woodland ground flora enhancement
Pond and lake creation
Sustainable Urban Drainage schemes
Creating breeding and roosting spaces
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